ORTHOPEDICALLY IMPAIRED

Definition . Eligibility . Characteristics . Strategies for School . Strategies for Home


Definition

Orthopedic Impairments are physical conditions that adversely affect the student's educational performance. The term includes congenital anomaly, disabilities caused by disease, and disabilities from other causes. Documentation of a physical disability as diagnosed and described by a licensed physician is required along with the existence of educational needs as a result of the physical disability or health condition.

Eligibility

Documentation the student meets both of the following:

  1. A physical disability as diagnosed and described by a licensed physician; and
  2. The existence of educational needs as a result of the physical disability or health condition.

Characteristics

May include:

  • Poor fine motor coordination
  • Poor gross motor coordination
  • Poor organizational skills
  • Perceptual difficulty
  • in some cases, visually or speech impairments
  • varying degree of physical needs

Strategies for Schools

  • Modify amounts of center work
  • Allow short one word responses
  • Eliminate excess "copying" work
  • Allow oral responses
  • Allow additional time to complete assignments
  • Provide peer tutors when needed
  • Allow adequate space to student's adaptive equipment when needed
  • Use preferential seating when needed
  • Provide assistance with organizational needs
  • Team with related service providers (OT, PT, S/ST)
  • Include student with non-disabled peers as much as possible

Strategies for Home

  • Follow through with expectations with suggestion made by school staff (self-feeding, toileting, etc.)
  • Allow adequate time in the morning to attend to physical needs
  • Assist with homework assignments
  • Follow regular daily routine (meals, homework, bedtimes)
  • Establish/continue open line of communication with school staff