Definition . Eligibility . Characteristics . Strategies for School . Strategies for Home


Deafness and other hearing impairments are auditory acuity deficits that delay or inhibit the development of speech and/or language skills and adversely affect developmental and educational performance.

A hearing impairment is a deficit in hearing, whether permanent or fluctuating, that adversely affects the student's educational performance but that is not included under the deafness in this section.


Documentation the student meets one or all of the following:

  1. a hearing loss; and / or
  2. auditory pathology impairments resulting in one of the impairments defined in the definition


May include:

  • Hearing loss ranges from mild to profound
  • Mild to severe language and communication deficits
  • Vision is a primary channel for information intake
  • Students may or may not wear hearing aids or an auditory trainer, depending on the hearing loss
  • Students may display auditory and/or visual distractibility.

Strategies for School

  • Provide proper physical setting preferential seating and proper lighting
  • Maintain good eye contact, speak in front of the students and utilize distinct lip movements when speaking
  • List new vocabulary and writing assignments on the board as visual cues
  • Classes should emphasize language acquisition
  • Communication techniques: aural, habilitation/rehabilitation, speech training
  • Specialized classes in American Sign Language in Deaf Culture
  • Treat the student with absolute equality except for communication needs
  • Provide proper physical setting conducive to communication needs
  • Place student in a classroom away from auditory disturbances
  • Orient general ed students to hearing impairments
  • Utilize interpreters as needed
  • Encourage students to discuss behaviors to ensure clear understanding
  • Continuously repeat and reinforce expected classroom behavior
  • Adhere to the school discipline code of conduct
  • Ensure that the students clearly understand behavioral requirements in class
  • When dealing with discipline, sequentially talk through the events with the student, including: what happened, how it happened, did they understand what they were doing, did they understand it was an inappropriate behavior, do they understand what the consequences are, what they can do next time to avoid the situation
  • Be consistent

Strategies for Home

  • Consistently reinforce use of hearing aids and other equipment; i.e., closed caption device, telephone device for the deaf, etc.
  • Provide assistance with homework and class assignments
  • Develop fluent sign language skills when appropriate
  • Encourage socialization with normal hearing and hearing impaired peers.
  • Provide a variety of language enrichment activities.